What is Measure 11?
Ballot Measure 11, now codified in ORS chapter 137, imposes mandatory minimum prison sentences to certain serious crimes against persons. Measure 11 originally applied to 16 offenses and has since been amended to include a total of 21. Persons convicted of Measure 11 offenses receive no parole or reduction of sentence for good behavior while in prison. The information presented about the accused, and the circumstances of the crime is generally not taken into consideration by the sentencing judge. Measure 11 also mandates that juveniles age 15 and older charged with a Measure 11 offense be tried as adults.
The list of Ballot Measure 11 offenses currently includes the following:
Attempted Aggravated Murder
Sexual Penetration I
Sexual Penetration II
Sexual Abuse I
Use of Child in Display of Sex Act
Measure 11 has been modified by legislation several times:
- House Bill 3439, passed June 1995, added Attempted Murder and Attempted Aggravated Murder.
- Senate Bill 1049, passed July 1997 and effective October 4, 1997, added Arson I (when a serious physical threat is involved), Compelling Prostitution, and Use of Child in Display of Sex Act; it also allowed for departures from the mandatory minimum sentence for some Assault II, Kidnapping II, and Robbery II convictions, including those already sentenced.
- House Bill 2494, passed August 1999, allowed for departures from the mandatory minimum sentence for some Manslaughter II convictions committed on or after October 23, 1999.
- House Bill 2379, passed July 2001, allowed for departures from the mandatory minimum sentence for some Rape II, Sodomy II, Sexual Penetration II, and Sexual Abuse I convictions committed on or after January 1, 2002.
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